نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 Associate Professor, Faculty of Architecture & Environmental Design, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Tehran, Iran.
2 Ph.D Candidate of Islamic Architecture, Faculty of Architecture & Environmental Design, Art University of Isfahan (AUI), Isfahan, Iran.
عنوان مقاله [English]
In recent decades, extensive studies in order to achieve sustainable patterns of cities and settlements have done in the global arena. That two of the most important theory is urban village in the 80’s and timeless patterns of Christopher Alexander in the late 70s. Jane Jacobs and Christopher Alexander’s ideas, in many aspects provide the context for the idea of an urban village. Urban village theory is looking for a place to create a sustainable place for solving the problems of modern urbanization, through the integration of city advantages including progress, speed, specialization, facility, with advantages of village such as, coexistence with nature, peace, quiet and clean air. Alexander’s pattern language followings the creation of language without the time and place, to build up the city and building, and provide guidelines for achieving sustainable settlements. Concept of sustainable development have various dimensions of economic, social and environmental and can analyzed as different levels of global, national and local. The theory of urban sustainable development, analyze the sustainability of the city, sustainable pattern of settlements, and effective pattern of the transportation in fuel consumption optimization and city in the hierarchy of the urban area. The purpose of this article is the comparative study of the characteristics of the urban village, with urban patterns of Christopher Alexander, in relation with the theory of sustainable development. Method used in this article is Analysis – Comparative, and Studies have been done in a Library and documents. In following, two theories have been compared in thematic tables, and the amount of their overlap has been evaluated. Via this comparison, adaptation of some characteristics of Alexander Patterns with the characteristics of the urban village has clearly presented, and this adaptation, confirm the Universality of Alexander’s pattern language. Also, our conclusions indicate that the applying the urban village approach than the ideas discussed in the context of sustainable development, more comprehensively include the principles of sustainable settlements, and the realization of these principles with regard to all aspects of biological society, will consider more clearly. This approach with present guidelines for proper design principles of sustainable settlements can seriously prevent uncontrolled development of suburbs and rural areas.