نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 M.A. of Urban Design, Department of Urban Planning, Centeral Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor of Urban Design, Department of Urban Planning, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.
عنوان مقاله [English]
From the beginning of the urban history, the public realm has been the territory of the
sociable people and has had diversity of form in different situations. The public urban space, which has
a prominent historical background, is not exclusive for an extreme activity or specific form: but, it is the
presence of the human being that not merely gives the meaning and identity to the urban spaces, but also
provides some functional aspect for it. The communal rituals which play an important and crucial role in
everyone’s social life, for the most part, happen in the public urban spaces which are regarded as people’s
public territory. However, recently, the public spaces that were special for communal rituals are adversely
affected by technology and numerous corollaries of modern life. Accordingly, the research is going to
spell out the contemporary urban places bonded to communal rituals. In the first step of this research,
some sundry types of contemporary public spaces and some diverse ritual activities are presented. The
next step is about introducing some striking and telling rituals of world and their related urban spaces. The
methodology used in the research is a combination of observational-descriptive method and qualitative
content analysis. The most important resources of this research are existing documents which have written
in term of the main topic or have published recently about it. Finally, taken as a whole, the most profound
rituals of the worldwide are recognized based on contemporary urban spaces and analyzed according to
urban framework factors affecting the mentioned rituals.