نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
Associate Professor of Architecture, School of Architecture and Environmental Design, Iran University Of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Tall buildings despite their different features and impacts are just defined by their height.
The main problem of defining tall buildings in cities in terms of urban landscape is that this definition
does not have an appropriate relativity, and only includes the investigation of tall buildings based on
their height. Applying the criteria for locating, architecture and height of tall buildings in cities without
considering the mutual impacts of tower and urban landscape and with relying on physical aspects and
ignoring environmental impacts of buildings has developed more problems for the appearance of cities.
In this study we investigated the factors affect the role of tall buildings on landscape of Tehran city in
Iran. In the current study, the dependent variable was the urban landscape of Tehran, and the independent
variables were related to the semantic, aesthetic and visual aspects. Accordingly, the hypotheses of this
study predict whether there is a relationship between tall buildings and urban landscape based on the
semantic, aesthetic and visual aspects. To do so, we selected northern urban views of Tehran. Statistical
population consisted of all families living in northern parts of Tehran. Of this, a sample of 168 subjects was
selected using Cochran formula. Data collection tool was a 5-point likert type questionnaire. Collected
data from participants were analyzed in SPSS software. According to the results, tall buildings of urban
landscape of Tehran have a moderate status. From the perspective of people, the strongest effects of such
buildings are respectively related to four factors of meaning, scale, view and identity.