نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 کارشناسی ارشد طراحی شهری، دانشکده هنر و معماری، دانشگاه پیام نور واحد تهران شرق، تهران، ایران
2 دانشجوی دکتری شهرسازی، دانشکده هنر و معماری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد بروجرد، بروجرد، ایران.
3 کارشناسی ارشد طراحی شهری، دانشکده هنر و معماری، دانشگاه پیام نور واحد تهران شرق، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Various factors and elements can influence the identity of urban landscapes the most important of which is the old trees in the urban spaces. It is now for years that the researchers are paying more attention to the shells, walls, and details of the cities in line with the investigation of the cities’ identities and, in a smaller scale, to “urban spaces” but they have neglected the importance of the old trees as a valuable natural heritage. The current study aims to emphasize on the importance of protecting and conserving the trees (the old ones) in the urban spaces and the relationship between old trees and such a subject as the identity in the urban landscape in the study area. In order to perform this study, there was a need for a proper geographical ground; thus, Shohada Street in Ilam was selected and the residents and the users were subjected to the study questions. The data required for this study were collected using observations, content analysis, and questionnaire. Shohada Street is one of the urban spaces in the city of Ilam and the existence of the old trees is amongst the factors that are effective and are of great importance in the street’s identification. The investigations show that the green spaces in this city have undergone a substantial decrease in comparison to the past years and this issue has overshadowed the natural identity of the city. The present study tries to find answers to the following questions: is there a relationship between the old trees and the identity of the urban landscapes? Can solutions be found for the identification of the cities using the trees? And, how much and in which way do the old trees influence the identity of the urban landscape in Ilam? The results signify that the green space and, particularly, the old trees are amongst the most important elements parallel to the creation of landscape identity in the cities. Old trees can grant identity to the urban spaces and distinguish them from the other spaces and they also make the urban spaces and streets more identifiable and more beautiful.