عنوان مقاله [English]
The rapid and increasing growth of urbanization and the subsequent increase in population of cities have led to different consequences in various fields. Among the most important consequences is the increase in demand for energy resources, which can be considered from two aspects: first, limited renewable energy resources and second, environmental pollutions caused by the consumption of fossil fuels. On the other hand, public awareness of the above aspects has led to emergence of new approaches such as sustainable development, smart growth, etc. in urbanism and revealed the attention to the issue of energy efficiency in urbanism. The concept of energy consumption in the city is related to various components, one of which is street network and transportation, which in relation to the issue of land use, affect energy consumption in this sector (about 30% of energy consumption in cities). So far, several studies have been conducted in the field of energy consumption, but few quantitative studies have been done in Iran. In the present study, first the theoretical foundations in the field of energy and transportation planning are examined, and then the components affecting energy consumption in transportation sector are discussed. In the next step, three scenarios are proposed for a 35-hectares unbuilt area in Hashtgerd New Town (known as “35-Hectare Area” in the national documents), and at the end, for all scenarios, the energy consumption is evaluated by measuring the energy indices of transportation and land use using Communityviz software. To determine the degree of integration of passages, space syntax technique and Depth Map software are used. The results show that there is a direct relationship between the form of transportation network, urban land-use, and energy consumption such that by changing the form of transportation network, developing integrated transportation, and changing the land-use distribution, energy consumption in transportation sector can be reduced up to 35%.