نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دکتری معماری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی، تهران، ایران
2 دانشیار گروه معماری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی، تهران، ایران
3 دانشیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
With architecture losing its identity in housing, failure to consider meaning-based design education is regarded as the main cause. Using meaning-generating factors is thought to be an effective way to retrieve identity and instill a sense of belonging to the place, while using signs as the most important meaning factors is one of the best strategies to give meaning to the housing space. The research literature mainly concerns the concepts of meaning, semiotics and problems facing architectural education as well as identity loss of housing, with "practical meaning attitude", "failure to consider content-based criticism in architectural design education", "attitude to meaning in terms of its effects on the user", and "inattention to the role of research in the design education process", being considered as research gaps. The goal of "making housing design education meaningful with emphasis on user-centered semiotic knowledge" is met via answering the questions that focus on components affecting meaning-based design education and the way they are related. The research used a survey and correlation methods along with an inventory. Professors and students of Tehran universities were selected as the samples. According to the research results, understanding the user community through research-based analysis and comprehending aesthetic and psychological dimensions from the users' point of view were found to be the most important factors affecting user views as well as the introduction of meaning in the sign-based housing design process. The proposed model found the effect of aesthetic aspects on the meaning-based design education process to be greater than psychological dimensions. The cyclical process of identifying the context and use of signs for design as well as the evaluation of signs by the user were regarded as the most important aspects of communication among the factors affecting the meaning-based housing design education. To help user understand the housing design, design education should benefit from model cycles, using research-based analysis and evaluating all ideation stages; this helps design and create spatial relations.