نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استاد گروه مرمت معماری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، تهران، ایران
2 استادیار گروه معماری، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
In the village, housing is a part of the general identity of the village and plays a multifunctional role. The post-earthquake reconstruction process of rural housing due to the recent earthquakes in Iran is a significant matter considered by the planners and designers of rural housing. Meanwhile, attraction people’s participation leads to positive results in the adaptation of the proposed architectural designs for the reconstruction of the housing with the needs, demands, limitations, and facilities based on the villages’ opinions. The current research aimed to consider the mindset of the residents of Kanzagh village to understand the influential attributes and factors in the post-earthquake reconstructed housing from villagers’ point of view. The current study used library studies and field surveys to recognize the characteristics of rural housing and identify and classify the villagers’ mindsets and concerns in the reconstruction process of rural housing by using Q methodology and interviews with the villagers. The people with high correlation were divided into two groups by extracting the statements, sorting them, and statistical analysis in the SPSS software. The mindset of the first group included the propositions regarding the context and public land uses of Kanzagh village and the general decisions regarding the collective and public feedbacks of the village environment, and the placement of the land uses in the context of the village raised as the environmental factors. The second group presented the propositions regarding the design of the rural housing and the issues related to the interior spaces of the housing and often indicated the private feedbacks of the households, architecture of the house, the interrelationship of the interior spaces, and alike studied as the physical factors. By taking into account the villagers' mindset and participation in the design process, the designer can enhance the satisfaction and success in the reconstruction by analyzing and comparing the opinions of the villagers struck by the earthquake to understand their needs and demands.