نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دکتری شهرسازی، دانشکده هنر، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.
2 استاد تمام دانشکده هنر، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران (نویسنده مسئول).
3 استادیارگروه شهرسازی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Mental health, especially psychological well-being is a concept that illustrates how one thinks, feels and acts in the face of different situations in life. That depends on one's understanding of oneself and one's own environment. Now if this environment is urban space , The subject becomes more complex. Urban spaces consist of components such as natural and man-made factors that Natural factors play the greatest role in improving the quality of urban spaces. Understanding their characteristics and effects on humans is a way to create positive urban environments and spaces. That increases the mental health and psychological well-being of the residents. The overall purpose of this article is to identify the relationship between natural factors of public spaces and the psychological well-being of individuals and explaining their meaning or not is meaningful in different public spaces.Therefore, natural factors, with their own characteristics, were assessed and measured to assess the relationship with psychological well-being. Then, using those indices as well as the Reef scale, a questionnaire was designed to correlate these components with psychological well-being and was presented to 700 participants in seven public spaces of Tehran.Factor analysis and Cronbach's alpha were used to assess the validity and reliability of the questionnaire. Pearson correlation and multiple regression analysis were used to investigate the effects of natural components in Tehran area on psychological well-being and to determine their relationship. Findings indicate that there is a positive and significant relationship between natural factors of urban spaces and well-being. natural indicators generally predict 10% of the variance in psychological well-being. That is, by increasing the natural components of urban space, people's well-being improves. The findings also showed that contact with nature has the greatest impact on the psychological well-being of the people of Tehran.
Keywords: Positive psychology, psychological well-being, Mental health, Natural components