نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار معماری، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.
2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده هنر و معماری، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران.
3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Sociability is a spatial quality that gathers people together. The notion of sociability is related to establishing desirable interpersonal and collective relationships as well as opportunities for social interaction in public environments. Due to the growing student population in recent years (with a high percentage of them being non-indigenous students), attention to collective living in the community is more important than the past. In the psychology of the environment, emphasis is placed on how human behavior is influenced by the environment. The subject of the strangeness of the environment is very important in students living at the dormitories due to the large number of users and the repetition of their bodies. In most of these places, brigade plans that are alien to their users’ morale, are not often suitable to be used by the dormitory. Hence, in most of these dormitories, there is lack of proper physical environment that enhances the spirit of socialization among students. Functional, physical and social-psychological characteristics of the user factors stand in a significant relationship with the design of the studential dormitory. This study has addressed this issue by concentrating on Physical factors adjustment of studential dormitory through space syntax by improving physical factors such as: finding ways, orientation, visibility, user’s requirements and legibility of space which are important in sociability of studential dormitory. For this purpose, two studential dormitory at Sabzevar University that have a linear and central layout are explored .Our hypothesis is that suitable spatial configuration have a significant role in sociability of students at the dormitory. According to the existing experimental literature, spatial configuration is explored by use of main indicators of space syntax. In line with the theory of natural movement, the indicators that relate the space syntax method to behavioral and social patterns show the relation between sociability and space configuration. This method is used to predict and analyze the social behavior of users in the experimental background. The literature and theoretical foundations of this research is analytical method and the following results were expressed through logical reasoning. The maps of both dormitories were provided in the Auto Cad program; the created file was saved with the Dxf suffix and analyzed in the Ucl Depth Map software. In this regard, first, identifying the weaknesses in the original design after the initial analysis of the plans in the space syntax approach was done, and then, by making changes in them (A brief change that does not involve structural intervention and is aimed at improving indicators in the weaknesses of the plan), the above mentioned items were analyzed and compared with the results of the main plan. This process that seems to be able to use the space syntax to achieve an optimal plan that enhances the collective life of these sites (prior to enforcement and cost). In order to measure the components of research in the theory of natural movement, the space syntax method and its software (Ucl depth map), four approaches of this software analysis (Measuring social behavior patterns approaches) and indicators of connectivity, integration, and depth were used in order to measurement of notions that have significant effects on the presence and movement of people in space and socio-behavioural activities in result. These notions are:1-space integration analysis 2-oriantability analysis(depth) 3-axial analysis 4-agent based modeling 5-intelligibility 6-isovist analysis. The purpose of this research is to identify the most cost-effective physical activities that affect the socialization in dormitories before any financial and functional activities. Tools such as observation, interviews, grabbed axes and mapping were used in order to navigate environment. The results of four approaches -axial, convex, isovist, agent based- are reviewed and compared in order to more comprehensive results. Research findings suggest that using the space syntax approach, without interfering in the structural system and only with minor modifications in the interior walls, makes it possible to improve the path finding, orientation, access, user vision and readability in studential dormitories. This, by referring to the theory of natural motion upgrade, provides the abovementioned enhancements to the presence and movement of users in space; presence and movement, which are the primary and basic conditions for the social interaction of users. Thus improving these factors provides a suitable basis for promoting social interactions in studential dormitories. The results also show that by applying physical changes all mentioned indicators and related notions improve. Thereby creating a more integrated, intelligible, accessible, and vast view is important while the depth point factor is decreased. It means that the new changes decrease the students’ changes in crossing. These factors have significant role in attracting people to physical environment, more visit possibility and the environment socialization in result.