نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 کارشناس ارشد برنامهریزی شهری و منطقهای، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه بینالمللی امام خمینی (ره)، قزوین، ایران
2 کارشناسیارشد برنامهریزی شهری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد قزوین، قزوین، ایران و عضو باشگاه پژوهشگران جوان و نخبگان.
3 استاد گروه جغرافیا، دانشکده جغرافیا و برنامهریزی شهری، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The new information and communication technology are entering the human community and it is far from the mind that planning and management of cities can be done only by relying on past methods. During the third millennium of human life, information and communication technology have become an area of application in all areas and have become the pioneer in the development of technology-based services and systems. In the present day, information is the most important strategic tool for the management and proper management of all economic, social, cultural and political units and urban planning.
The most important solution in this field is the electronic city, which its aims are to use the new technologies in designing all environments of city, and it can be admitted that its effects on the quality of the urban environment are manifested.
In the urban literature of recent decades, the interaction of information technology and city and its emergence in the urban system under the name of the electronic city have been investigated.
Electronic City is the concept of easy use of information technology to distribute urban services directly and nightly to citizens. In general, it can be said that the fields of urban economics, urban social relations, urban transport, urban culture, urban environment, urban physical form, urban planning, ultimately urban, management and governance in the city’s communication have been recognized.
In this paper, in order to measure the quality of the electronic city environment, with emphasis on subjective perceptions of citizens, we use descriptive-analytical method, SPSS software and analysis of variance (ANOVA) while in this analysis 1494998 questionnaires containing questions for citizens’ satisfaction from the quality of electronic city environment in the target population (citizens of Tabriz city) are considered.
In this research, satisfaction of citizens from the electronic city environment as a dependent variable and environmental social economic and physical criteria as dependent variable are introduced. Of course, each criterion is subdivided into sub-criteria such as satisfaction with new urban patterns, environmental protection, traffic and easy transportation in the electronic city, the communication ,interaction of institutions, organizations, citizens, the development of information infrastructure and so on.
Based on the Cochran computational about 267 questionnaires were determined in each area.
It should be noted that the study area is Tabriz, which is the largest bio-ecological complex in the northwest and one of the metropolises of the country.
Scaling has been used to quantify the empirical model of research and analysis of data. Scaling in this paper is based on the 5 Likert option spectrum.
So that score 1 indicates the lowest satisfaction rate for the residents, and the score 5 indicates the highest satisfaction. In this way, the number 3 is chosen as the midpoint of the responses (1<X<5).
The results of the research show that the quality of urban environment influenced by communication and information technology with a score of 4.20 ,environmental and economic environment of the urban environment influenced by communication and information technology with a score of 3.7, social standard, with a score 3.4 has the lowest score among the criteria.
Also, the quality of habitat environment is affected by the implementation of information and communication technology in Tabriz city from the viewpoint of residents it is generally in a good level. The role of information and communication technology in the development of communications and accessibility and the promotion of the quality of the environment is widely accepted by the general public, but the role of information and communication technology for the development of infrastructure and infrastructure problems is still faced with a lack of public acceptance.
Finally, a conceptual model of suggestions is presented in order to apply the results of the research. One of the most important solutions is the issue of reducing environmental pollution and protecting the environment and promoting transport fields.
In sum, the electronic city also has an undeniable role in promoting the quality of the environment, therefore since the escape of the introduction of new technology into different layers of human life in different societies, it should be consciously faced with it, and according to Economic, social, cultural and physical characteristics with emphasis on improving the quality of the environment in different layers of the city has an emphasis on regional planning which it has been predicted its emergence. Therefore, attention to the possible effects of new technology and its inclusion in the main urban infrastructure should be at all stages of implementation of urban development, therefore based on improving the quality of the environment and prioritizing the regions many elements should be considered for improving.