نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
استادیار گروه معماری، دانشکده فنی و مهندسی، دانشگاه قم، قم، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the important issues in the architectural designing of the residential buildings is the contextual pattern of such constructions for which two introversive and extroversive patterns can be pointed out in this regard in a general classification. Despite the continuation of the introversive patterns in the traditional Iranian architecture, the application of the extroversive patterns has become completely customary in the contemporary Iranian houses due to various cultural, social, economic and other considerations and the use of introversive patterns has become completely limited during the recent decades in the architectural designing of the residential buildings. Based on the Quranic literature, the present study, investigated the superiority of the introversive patterns over the extroversive ones in the residential buildings. The theoretical foundation of the current research paper was laid on ĀYA 80 of SŪRAH NAHL that explicitly points to “Sakan” [tranquility] at home. Two other trans-temporal and similar subjects connected with appeasement at homes, namely “night” and “spouse”, were discovered in the Holy Quran in a search for the keyword “Sakan” in the other ĀYĀT of the Holy Quran. In the present study, the common aspect of the three foresaid words in regard of appeasement was decrypted through comparing and matching the ĀYĀT related to this trio (house, night and spouse) based on a qualitative content analysis method. According to the analyses, except appeasement, the only commonality that has been explicitly pinpointed in the Holy Quran’s literature for the two titles “night: Lail” and “spouse: husband or wife” was their covering characteristic that has been reminded in the Holy Quran through the use of the word “Lebās: cover”. In the end, the superiority of the application of the introversive patterns in the residential buildings was inferred based on the aforesaid common feature through the use of logical deduction method.